Arthroscopic surgery, also referred to as arthroscopy, uses an arthroscope to guide the orthopedic surgeon during a procedure. An arthroscope is a thin viewing instrument with a lens and a light that enable doctors to see inside a joint without having to open the joint up.
Arthroscopy allows orthopedic surgeons to diagnose and repair conditions at the same time with slender surgical instruments that are inserted through the arthroscope. Arthroscopic procedures only require several very small incisions.
Advantages of arthoscopic surgery include:
- Small incisions
- Less bleeding
- Less pain
- Decreased risk of infection
- Faster recovery time than traditional open surgery